Friday, October 16, 2015

Giuliana Tesoro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For other uses, see Tesoro (disambiguation).
Giuliana Cavaglieri Tesoro
Giuliana Tesoro.jpg
BornGiuliana Cavaglieri
June 1, 1921
Venice, Italy
DiedSeptember 29, 2002 (aged 81)
Dobbs Ferry, New York
OccupationOrganic chemist, polymer chemist, inventor, and professor
Known forInvention of fire-retardant fabrics
Dr. Giuliana Tesoro (née Cavaglieri) (1921–2002) was born in VeniceItaly in 1921. She moved to the U.S. in 1939 during the Benito Mussolini era. She was a prolific organic chemist with more than 125 U.S. patents. She made a number of contributions to the fiber and textile industry. Perhaps one of her most well-known inventions is the flame-retardant fiber. She died on September 29, 2002 in Dobbs Ferry, New York at the age of 81.[1][2]

Education and professional experience[edit]

Giuliana Cavaglieri was born in 1921 in Venice into a Jewish family. Her father, Gino Cavaglieri, managed an insurance firm; he died when Giuliana was only twelve. In 1938, after completing her high school education, she was denied access to Italy's university system due to the promulgation of the Fascist Racial Laws. She moved to Switzerland first and then in 1939 to the United States.[3]
In the United States she was allowed to enter Yale University's graduate program and completed it in record time. In 1943, at the age of 21,[4] Cavaglieri received her Ph.D. in Organic Chemistry. The same year she married Victor Tesoro, with whom she would have two children.[3]
Following her marriage, Giuliana Cavaglieri Tesoro worked summers for Calico Chemical Company before accepting a position as research chemist at Onyx Oil and Chemical Company in 1944. Here she was promoted to head of the organic synthesis department in 1946, assistant director of research in 1955, and associate director in 1957. She was then appointed assistant director of organic research for J.P. Stevens & Company. Late she moved to the Textile Research Institute for two years. In 1969, she accepted a position as senior chemist at Burlington Industries and was appointed director of chemical research in 1971.
In 1972 she accepted a post as Visiting Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where she taught until 1976, remaining on the Faculty as adjunct professor and senior research scientist until 1982.[5] She was then appointed research professor at Polytechnic Institute of New York University in Brooklyn, New York in 1982 and retired from there in 1996.[1][6]

Contributions to chemistry and textiles[edit]

Tesoro made a number of advances in textile processing and organic compounds that improved textile performance for everyday consumers as well as efficiency for manufacturing systems. She developed flame-resistant fibers, designed ways to prevent static accumulation in synthetic fibers, and created improved permanent press properties for textiles.[1]

List of committees and awards[edit]

Tesoro was a member of several committees of National Academy of Sciences and the National Research Council concerning toxic materials and fire safety. Other committees she was a part of include: the Fiber Society, founder/president in 1974, the American Chemical Society, the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists, the American Institute of Chemists, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.[6] In 1963, Tesoro was awarded the Olney Medal of the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists. She was the recipient of the Society of Women Engineers’ Achievement Award in 1978.[4]


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Dr. Giuliana Tesoro

Dr. Giuliana Tesoro
Did you know that there was a famous woman inventor who obtained more than one hundred and twenty-five patents? Her name was Giuliana Tesoro, and she helped to make great strides in the field of fiber and textile chemistry.

With a Ph.D. in organic chemistry from Yale University, she was able to work in many areas of chemistry for industrial companies. She also held a position as a research professor at Polytechnic University in Brooklyn, New York.

Through her work and research, she developed processes to prevent static accumulation in synthetic fibers, designed flame-resistant fibers, pioneered improved permanent press properties for textiles and discovered ways to make new manufacturing projects run at peak operation and efficiency. Tesoro held her more than one hundred twenty-five patents in areas related to organic compounds and textile processing.

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